Head Injury

Craigieburn Basketball Association Policy encompasses to Basketball Australia’s Concussion and Basketball Participation Guidelines (29 May 2014) as per below, with the additional requirements as listed at the end of these guidelines.

 Basketball Australia

Concussion and Basketball Participation Guidelines (effective 29 May 2014)

Advances in sport and medical science have highlighted the need for a change in the way concussion is treated. Basketball Australia acknowledges that many of the instances of concussion will take place in places where a medical practitioner is not immediately available to make an assessment of an athlete who sustains a head injury.

These guidelines have been developed to outline the issues for athletes, coaches, team managers and others responding to athletes who have received a head injury. The purpose of these guidelines is to protect the welfare of athletes and they are not intended to replace medical assessment and treatment.

1.       What is Concussion?

 A disturbance in brain function caused by trauma

  • A minor (non-structural) brain injury
  • Concussion may be caused by a blow to the head, face or neck or by impact that transmits force to the head

2.       Signs and symptoms of suspected concussion

•      Loss of consciousness •    Headache •   Seizure or convulsion
•      Lying motionless on the ground •    Balance problems/uncoordinated •   Confusion/not aware of events
•      Dizziness •    Clutching head •   Sow to get up
•      Nausea or vomiting •    Feeling slowed down •   Amnesia
•      “Pressure in the head” •    More emotional •   Blurred/double vision
•      Drowsiness •      Sensitivity to noise •    Sensitivity to light
•      Sadness •      Nervous or anxious •    Fatigue or low energy
•      Feeling like “in a fog” •      Dazed, blank or vacant look •    Neck pain
•      “Don’t feel right •      Difficulty remembering •    Difficulty concentrating

Concussion should be suspected whenever any of these signs or symptoms are present.

3.       Memory function

 If an athlete cannot answer the following questions correctly this may suggest concussion:

“Which venue are we at today?”                   “What quarter is it now?”                        “Who scored last in this game?”

“Which team did you play last game?”        “Did your team win their last game?”

 If a medical professional or trained person is available then a Standardised Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT) Card should be used to evaluate players for concussion.

4.       Removal from play

The signs and symptoms of concussion tend to resolve by themselves over time with rest and management; however, they are the same as for more serious structural brain injury, so athletes are advised to seek medical assessment.

Athletes with suspected concussion should:

  • Be treated in accordance with normal first aid principles (danger, response, airway, breathing, circulation);
  • Not be moved by others (except where required for airway support);
  • Be removed from play immediately;
  • Not be returned to play till they are medically assessed, even if symptoms resolve;
  • Not be left alone; and
  • Not drive.

If a doctor has diagnosed concussion and declared a player unfit to play the rest of the game, no one may override this decision, including the player.

5.       Treatment where structural brain injury, or other serious injury should be suspected

 If any of the following signs or symptoms are present, it is urgent the athlete be medically assessed and if necessary call for an ambulance:

  • Athlete complains of neck pain
  • Deteriorating conscious state
  • Increasing confusion or irritability
  • Severe or increasing headache
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Unusual behaviour change
  • Seizure or convulsion
  • Double vision
  • Weakness/tingling/burning in arms or legs

6.       Return to play

 Any athlete who sustains a suspected concussion or more serious brain injury must provide a medical certificate clearing them to return to play in subsequent games or to travel.

ADDITIONAL CBA POLICY

The above guidelines and following policy relates to all programs and activities run by Craigieburn Basketball Association.

  • In any instance where a player or referee’s head, neck or face makes contact with a floor, wall, other player resulting in a fall, hard structure or similar, the injured person is to sit out of the game for a minimum of 10 minutes.
  • Should the person not show any of the symptoms listed above after this time period, they may recommence playing/referring.
  • Should a concussion or other head injury occur, the person may not return to playing until a signed Doctor’s Certificate is presented to the CBA Administrator.
  • In no instance should an ice pack be applied to a head or nasal injury, only to back of neck or cheek area for swelling.
  • Any Coach, Team Manager or Referee Supervisor who allows any person to resume playing/referring with the required Doctor’s Certificate or adhering to these guidelines will face a suspension without referral to CBA Tribunal.

March 2018